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Understanding Summative ELPAC Summary Reports

Test Results Definitions

Number Enrolled—A count of students in the selected entity (i.e., state, county, district, school, or student group) who were eligible (classified as an English learner during the testing window) to take the Summative ELPAC.

Number Tested—A count of students in the selected entity (i.e., state, county, district, school, or student group) who were administered the Summative ELPAC.

Number Tested with Scores—A count of students with valid scores in the selected entity (i.e., state, county, district, school, or student group) who were administered the Summative ELPAC.

Mean Scale Score (Overall)—The sum of scale scores for students with scores in the selected entity (i.e., state, county, district, school, or student group) divided by the Number of Tests with Scores.

Mean Scale Score (Oral Language)—The sum of scale scores for students with scores in the selected entity (i.e., state, county, district, school, or student group) divided by the Number of Tests with Scores.

Mean Scale Score (Written Language)—The sum of scale scores for students with scores in the selected entity (i.e., state, county, district, school, or student group) divided by the Number of Tests with Scores.

Note: The percent of students in the selected entity (i.e., state, county, district, school, or student group) at a particular performance level is the sum of the number of students at a particular performance level divided by the total number of students across all performance levels for that entity.

Note: Scores for 2018–19 should not be compared to scores from previous years as the thresholds have changed and the scores are not comparable.

Information about the ELPAC policy, range, and reporting performance level descriptors (PDF).

Definitions of Language Fluency Groups

Initial fluent English proficient and English only (IFEP and EO)—An aggregation of students who have an English Language Acquisition Status of Initial Fluent English Proficient, Reclassified Fluent English Proficient or English Only.

Initial fluent English proficient (IFEP)—A student whose score on the Initial ELPAC determines fluent English proficiency and places the student in mainstream classes. This student does not require English Learner services.

Reclassified fluent English proficient (RFEP)—A student in kindergarten through grade twelve who, upon entering public school in California, is identified as an English learner (EL) and is subsequently reclassified in California as proficient in English.

English learner (EL)—A student in kindergarten through grade twelve whose primary language is a language other than English as indicated on their Home Language Survey and who, upon initial assessment in California, is determined to be eligible for support with English language development based on the results of their initial assessment of English language proficiency.

Adult English learner (ADEL)—A student aged 22 years or older enrolled in grades Kindergarten through 12 who has been identified by a local educational agency as an English learner (EL) through a local process (e.g., Home Language Survey, and/or another local assessment) because the student is not eligible to take the Initial English Language Proficiency Assessment for California (ELPAC). Adult English learners are not considered English learners for purposes of federal Title III funding or state-level accountability, and are not aggregated to any other English learner groups.

English only (EO)—A student in kindergarten through grade twelve for whom English is reported as the primary language on their Home Language Survey.

Ever-EL—A student who has been designated an English learner (EL) at any point during their enrollment in a U.S. school.

For more information, please visit the Understanding English Learner Achievement in California (PDF) document.

Reporting Level Descriptors

LevelDescription
4 Students at this level have well developed English skills.
  • They can usually use English to learn new things in school and to interact in social situations.
  • They may occasionally need help using English.
3 Students at this level have moderately developed English skills.
  • They can sometimes use English to learn new things in school and to interact in social situations.
  • They may need help using English to communicate on less-familiar school topics and in less-familiar social situations.
2 Students at this level have somewhat developed English skills.
  • They usually need help using English to learn new things at school and to interact in social situations.
  • They can often use English for simple communication.
1 Students at this level are at a beginning stage of developing English skills.
  • They usually need substantial help using English to learn new things at school and to interact in social situations.
  • They may know some English words and phrases.
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