Alternate English Language Arts/Literacy and Mathematics California Alternate Assessments (CAAs)

Understanding California Assessment of Student Progress and Performance (CAASPP) Summary Reports

California Alternate Assessments (CAAs) Results Definitions

Number Enrolled—A count of students in the selected entity (i.e., state, county, district, school, or student group) who are eligible to take the CAAs for English language arts/literacy (ELA) and mathematics in grades 3–8, and grade 11.

Number Tested—A count of students in the selected entity (i.e., state, county, district, school, or student group) who were administered the CAAs in ELA and mathematics. This number excludes students not tested by parent/guardian request, students not tested due to a significant medical emergency, and students who were assigned to take the test, but did not test.

Number of Tests with Valid Scores—The number of valid scores includes students in the selected entity (i.e., state, county, district, school, or student group) who were enrolled during the selected testing window and received a score.

Mean Scale Score—The sum of scale scores for students in the selected entity (i.e., state, county, district, school, or student group) with valid scores divided by the Number of Tests with Valid Scores.

Note: The percent of students in the selected entity (i.e., state, county, district, school, or student group) at a particular performance level is the sum of the number of students at a particular performance level divided by the total number of students across all performance levels for that entity.

CAASPP Reporting Calculations

For CAASPP public reporting purposes, the exemption date for recently arrived English learners (ELs) is calculated as follows:

  • Any recently arrived EL whose first date of entry into a U.S. school, as shown in the California Longitudinal Pupil Achievement Data System (CALPADS), is after April 15, 2018, did not need to take the 2019 ELA assessment and will not be included in any aggregate CAASPP reporting unless they completed the assessment. However, ELs with an enrollment date that is after April 15, 2018 who chose to participate in the ELA test will be included only in the percent of students tested calculations.

Definitions of English Learner Groups

English only (EO)—A student in kindergarten through grade twelve for whom there is a report of English as the primary language on the Home Language Survey.

English learner (EL)—A student in kindergarten through grade twelve for whom there is a report of a language other than English on the Home Language Survey and who, upon initial assessment in California, is determined to lack the clearly defined English language skills of listening, speaking, reading, and/or writing necessary to succeed in the school's regular instructional programs.

Reclassified Fluent English Proficient (RFEP)—A student in kindergarten through grade twelve who, upon entering public school in California, is identified as an English learner (EL) and subsequently reclassified in California as proficient in English.

Ever-EL—A student that has been designated an English Learner (EL) at any point during their enrollment in a U.S. school.

For more information, please visit the Understanding English Learner Achievement in California document.

Reporting Performance Level Descriptors

English Language Arts/Literacy Performance Level Descriptors
Grade Level 3–Alternate Level 2–Alternate Level 1–Alternate
Grades 3–8, and Grade 11 The student showed understanding of core concepts in English language arts/literacy. The student showed foundational understanding of core concepts in English language arts/literacy. The student showed limited understanding of core concepts in English language arts/literacy.
Mathematics Performance Level Descriptors
Grade Level 3–Alternate Level 2–Alternate Level 1–Alternate
Grades 3–8, and Grade 11 The student showed understanding of core concepts in mathematics. The student showed foundational understanding of core concepts in mathematics. The student showed limited understanding of core concepts in mathematics.